- up1 W1S1 [ʌp] adv, prep, adj▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(to a higher position)¦2¦(in a higher position)¦3¦(to be upright)¦4¦(along)¦5¦(north)¦6¦(close)¦7¦(to more important place)¦8¦(river)¦9¦(more)¦10¦(winning)¦11¦(not in bed)¦12¦(finishing)¦13¦(cutting/dividing)¦14¦(collecting)¦15¦(part on top)¦16¦(above a level)¦17 up and down18 up to something19 be up to somebody20¦(finished time)¦21¦(road repairs)¦22¦(computer)¦23 up against something/somebody24 up for something25 something is up26 be well up in/on something27 be up before something/somebody28 be up to here29 up the workers!/up the reds! etc30 up yours!▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1.) ¦(TO A HIGHER POSITION)¦towards a higher place or position▪ We walked slowly up the hill.▪ She picked her jacket up off the floor.▪ paths leading up into the mountains▪ Tim had climbed up a tree to get a better view.▪ Put up your hand if you know the answer.▪ The water was getting up my nose.▪ Karen lay on her back, staring up at the ceiling.2.) ¦(IN A HIGHER POSITION)¦in a higher place or position▪ John's up in his bedroom.▪ a plane flying 30,000 feet up▪ Her office is just up those stairs.▪ The doctor's assistant was up a ladder in the stockroom.3.) ¦(TO BE UPRIGHT)¦into an upright or raised position▪ Everyone stood up for the national anthem.▪ Mick turned his collar up against the biting winds.4.) ¦(ALONG)¦in or to a place that is further along something such as a road or path= ↑down▪ She lives just up the street.▪ We walked up the road towards the church.5.) ¦(NORTH)¦in or towards the north▪ They live up north.▪ We're driving up to Chicago for the conference.▪ a stormy voyage up the east coast from Miami to Boston6.) ¦(CLOSE)¦very close to someone or something▪ A man came up and offered to buy him a drink.up to▪ She drove right up to the front door.up against▪ The bed was up against the wall.7.) ¦(TO MORE IMPORTANT PLACE)¦used to show that the place someone goes to is more important than the place they start from▪ Have you been up to London recently?8.) ¦(RIVER)¦towards the place where a river starts▪ sailing up the Thames▪ The river steamers only went up as far as Mandalay.9.) ¦(MORE)¦at or towards a higher level or a greater amount▪ Turn up the radio.▪ Violent crime went up by 9% last year.▪ Inflation is up by 2%.up on▪ Profits are up on last year.10.)¦(WINNING)¦BrE beating your opponent by a certain number of pointstwo goals up/three points up etc▪ United were a goal up at half time.11.) ¦(NOT IN BED)¦not in bed▪ Are the kids still up?▪ They stayed up all night to watch the game.▪ It's time to get up (=get out of bed) .▪ It's good to see you up and about again (=out of bed after an illness and moving around normally) .12.) ¦(FINISHING)¦used after certain verbs to show that something is completely finished, used, or removed▪ We've used up all our savings.▪ The children had to eat up all their food.▪ After a month, the wound had almost healed up.13.) ¦(CUTTING/DIVIDING)¦used after certain verbs to show that something is cut, broken etc into pieces or divided into parts▪ Why did you tear up that letter?▪ We still haven't decided how to divide up the money.14.) ¦(COLLECTING)¦used after certain verbs to show that things are collected together▪ Let's just add up these figures quickly.▪ Could you collect up the papers?15.) ¦(PART ON TOP)¦used to say which surface or part of an object should be on top▪ Put the playing cards right side up.▪ Isn't that painting the wrong way up?16.) ¦(ABOVE A LEVEL)¦above and including a certain level, age, or amount▪ All the women were naked from the waist up.▪ Children aged 12 and up must pay the full fare.17.) up and downa) backwards and forwards▪ Ralph paced up and down the room, looking worried.b) if someone is up and down, they sometimes feel well or happy and sometimes do not▪ Jason's been very up and down since his girlfriend left him.c) to a higher position and then a lower position, several times▪ They were all jumping up and down and screaming excitedly.▪ Shivers ran up and down my body.look sb up and down(=look at someone in order to judge their appearance or character)▪ Maisie looked her rival up and down with a critical eye.18.) up to stha) as much or as many as a certain amount or number but not more▪ The Olympic Stadium will hold up to 80,000 spectators.▪ a process that can take anything up to ten daysb) also up tillfor the whole of a period until a certain time or date▪ She continued to care for her father up to the time of his death.▪ We've kept our meetings secret up to now.c) [in questions and negatives]clever, good, or well enough to do something▪ I'm afraid Tim just isn't up to the job (=he does not have the necessary ability) .▪ You don't need to go back to school if you don't feel up to it.up to doing sth▪ He's not really up to seeing any visitors.d) if something is up to a particular standard, it is good enough to reach that standard▪ I didn't think last night's performance was up to her usual standard.e) spoken doing something secret or something that you should not be doing▪ The children are very quiet. I wonder what they're up to.▪ He knew Bailey was up to something. But what?▪ I always suspected that he was up to no good (=doing something bad) .19.) be up to sba) used to say that someone can decide about something▪ You can pay weekly or monthly - it's up to you.b) used to say that someone is responsible for a particular duty▪ It's up to the travel companies to warn customers of any possible dangers.20.)¦(FINISHED TIME)¦if a period of time is up, it is finished▪ I'm sorry, we'll have to stop there. Our time is up.21.) ¦(ROAD REPAIRS)¦if a road is up, its surface is being repaired22.) ¦(COMPUTER)¦if a computer system is up, it is working▪ There could well be a few problems before your new computer is up and running properly.23.) up against sth/sbhaving to deal with a difficult situation or opponent▪ He came up against a lot of problems with his boss.▪ Murphy will be really up against it when he faces the champion this afternoon.24.) up for stha) available for a particular process▪ The house is up for sale.▪ This week 14 of Campbell's paintings were put up for auction.▪ Even the most taboo subjects were up for discussion.b) being considered for election or for a job▪ Senator Frank Church was coming up for re-election that year.▪ She is one of five candidates up for the chief executive's job.c) appearing in a court of law because you have been ↑accused of a crime▪ Ron's up for drinking and driving next week.d) spoken willing to do something or interested in doing something▪ We're going to the pub later - are you up for it?25.) sth is upspoken if something is up, someone is feeling unhappy because they have problems, or there is something wrong in a situation▪ I could tell by the look on his face that something was up.something is up with▪ Is something up with Julie? She looks really miserable.what's up?▪ What's up? Why are you crying?26.) be well up in/on sthinformal also be up on sth AmEto know a lot about something▪ I'm not all that well up in musical matters.▪ Conrad's really up on his geography, isn't he?27.) be up before sth/sb informalto appear in a court of law because you have been ↑accused of a crime▪ He was up before the magistrates' court charged with dangerous driving.28.) be up to hereBrE also have had it up to herespoken to be very upset and angry because of a particular situation or personbe up to here with▪ I'm up to here with this job; I'm resigning!29.) up the workers!/up the reds! etcBrE spoken used to express support and encouragement for a particular group of people or for a sports team30.) up yours!spoken not polite used as a very rude and offensive reply to someone who has said something that annoys you▪ 'You're not allowed to park here.' 'Up yours, mate!'→not be up to much at ↑much2 (8)up 2up2 n1.) ups and downs informalthe mixture of good and bad experiences that happen in any situation or relationship▪ We have our ups and downs like all couples.2.) be on the upBrE spoken to be improving or increasing▪ Business confidence is on the up.3.) be on the up and upa) BrE informal to be becoming more successful▪ a brilliant young player who is on the up and upb) AmE spoken if a person or business is on the up and up, they are honest and do things legallyup 3up3 past tense and past participle upped present participle uppingv [T]1.) to increase the amount or level of something▪ They've upped their offer by 5%.2.) up and do sthto suddenly do something different or surprising▪ Without saying another word, he upped and left.→up the ante at ↑ante1→up sticks at ↑stick2 (11)
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.