up

up
up1 W1S1 [ʌp] adv, prep, adj
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(to a higher position)¦
2¦(in a higher position)¦
3¦(to be upright)¦
4¦(along)¦
5¦(north)¦
6¦(close)¦
7¦(to more important place)¦
8¦(river)¦
9¦(more)¦
10¦(winning)¦
11¦(not in bed)¦
12¦(finishing)¦
13¦(cutting/dividing)¦
14¦(collecting)¦
15¦(part on top)¦
16¦(above a level)¦
17 up and down
18 up to something
19 be up to somebody
20¦(finished time)¦
21¦(road repairs)¦
22¦(computer)¦
23 up against something/somebody
24 up for something
25 something is up
26 be well up in/on something
27 be up before something/somebody
28 be up to here
29 up the workers!/up the reds! etc
30 up yours!
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(TO A HIGHER POSITION)¦
towards a higher place or position
≠ ↑down
We walked slowly up the hill.
She picked her jacket up off the floor.
paths leading up into the mountains
Tim had climbed up a tree to get a better view.
Put up your hand if you know the answer.
The water was getting up my nose.
Karen lay on her back, staring up at the ceiling.
2.) ¦(IN A HIGHER POSITION)¦
in a higher place or position
≠ ↑down
John's up in his bedroom.
a plane flying 30,000 feet up
Her office is just up those stairs.
The doctor's assistant was up a ladder in the stockroom.
3.) ¦(TO BE UPRIGHT)¦
into an upright or raised position
Everyone stood up for the national anthem.
Mick turned his collar up against the biting winds.
4.) ¦(ALONG)¦
in or to a place that is further along something such as a road or path
= ↑down
She lives just up the street.
We walked up the road towards the church.
5.) ¦(NORTH)¦
in or towards the north
They live up north.
We're driving up to Chicago for the conference.
a stormy voyage up the east coast from Miami to Boston
6.) ¦(CLOSE)¦
very close to someone or something
A man came up and offered to buy him a drink.
up to
She drove right up to the front door.
up against
The bed was up against the wall.
7.) ¦(TO MORE IMPORTANT PLACE)¦
used to show that the place someone goes to is more important than the place they start from
Have you been up to London recently?
8.) ¦(RIVER)¦
towards the place where a river starts
≠ ↑down
sailing up the Thames
The river steamers only went up as far as Mandalay.
9.) ¦(MORE)¦
at or towards a higher level or a greater amount
≠ ↑down
Turn up the radio.
Violent crime went up by 9% last year.
Inflation is up by 2%.
up on
Profits are up on last year.
10.)¦(WINNING)¦
BrE beating your opponent by a certain number of points
≠ ↑down
two goals up/three points up etc
United were a goal up at half time.
11.) ¦(NOT IN BED)¦
not in bed
Are the kids still up?
They stayed up all night to watch the game.
It's time to get up (=get out of bed) .
It's good to see you up and about again (=out of bed after an illness and moving around normally) .
12.) ¦(FINISHING)¦
used after certain verbs to show that something is completely finished, used, or removed
We've used up all our savings.
The children had to eat up all their food.
After a month, the wound had almost healed up.
13.) ¦(CUTTING/DIVIDING)¦
used after certain verbs to show that something is cut, broken etc into pieces or divided into parts
Why did you tear up that letter?
We still haven't decided how to divide up the money.
14.) ¦(COLLECTING)¦
used after certain verbs to show that things are collected together
Let's just add up these figures quickly.
Could you collect up the papers?
15.) ¦(PART ON TOP)¦
used to say which surface or part of an object should be on top
Put the playing cards right side up.
Isn't that painting the wrong way up?
16.) ¦(ABOVE A LEVEL)¦
above and including a certain level, age, or amount
All the women were naked from the waist up.
Children aged 12 and up must pay the full fare.
17.) up and down
a) backwards and forwards
Ralph paced up and down the room, looking worried.
b) if someone is up and down, they sometimes feel well or happy and sometimes do not
Jason's been very up and down since his girlfriend left him.
c) to a higher position and then a lower position, several times
They were all jumping up and down and screaming excitedly.
Shivers ran up and down my body.
look sb up and down
(=look at someone in order to judge their appearance or character)
Maisie looked her rival up and down with a critical eye.
18.) up to sth
a) as much or as many as a certain amount or number but not more
The Olympic Stadium will hold up to 80,000 spectators.
a process that can take anything up to ten days
b) also up till
for the whole of a period until a certain time or date
She continued to care for her father up to the time of his death.
We've kept our meetings secret up to now.
c) [in questions and negatives]
clever, good, or well enough to do something
I'm afraid Tim just isn't up to the job (=he does not have the necessary ability) .
You don't need to go back to school if you don't feel up to it.
up to doing sth
He's not really up to seeing any visitors.
d) if something is up to a particular standard, it is good enough to reach that standard
I didn't think last night's performance was up to her usual standard.
e) spoken doing something secret or something that you should not be doing
The children are very quiet. I wonder what they're up to.
He knew Bailey was up to something. But what?
I always suspected that he was up to no good (=doing something bad) .
19.) be up to sb
a) used to say that someone can decide about something
You can pay weekly or monthly - it's up to you.
b) used to say that someone is responsible for a particular duty
It's up to the travel companies to warn customers of any possible dangers.
20.)¦(FINISHED TIME)¦
if a period of time is up, it is finished
I'm sorry, we'll have to stop there. Our time is up.
21.) ¦(ROAD REPAIRS)¦
if a road is up, its surface is being repaired
22.) ¦(COMPUTER)¦
if a computer system is up, it is working
≠ ↑down
There could well be a few problems before your new computer is up and running properly.
23.) up against sth/sb
having to deal with a difficult situation or opponent
He came up against a lot of problems with his boss.
Murphy will be really up against it when he faces the champion this afternoon.
24.) up for sth
a) available for a particular process
The house is up for sale.
This week 14 of Campbell's paintings were put up for auction.
Even the most taboo subjects were up for discussion.
b) being considered for election or for a job
Senator Frank Church was coming up for re-election that year.
She is one of five candidates up for the chief executive's job.
c) appearing in a court of law because you have been ↑accused of a crime
Ron's up for drinking and driving next week.
d) spoken willing to do something or interested in doing something
We're going to the pub later - are you up for it?
25.) sth is up
spoken if something is up, someone is feeling unhappy because they have problems, or there is something wrong in a situation
I could tell by the look on his face that something was up.
something is up with
Is something up with Julie? She looks really miserable.
what's up?
What's up? Why are you crying?
26.) be well up in/on sth
informal also be up on sth AmE
to know a lot about something
I'm not all that well up in musical matters.
Conrad's really up on his geography, isn't he?
27.) be up before sth/sb informal
to appear in a court of law because you have been ↑accused of a crime
He was up before the magistrates' court charged with dangerous driving.
28.) be up to here
BrE also have had it up to here
spoken to be very upset and angry because of a particular situation or person
be up to here with
I'm up to here with this job; I'm resigning!
29.) up the workers!/up the reds! etc
BrE spoken used to express support and encouragement for a particular group of people or for a sports team
30.) up yours!
spoken not polite used as a very rude and offensive reply to someone who has said something that annoys you
'You're not allowed to park here.' 'Up yours, mate!'
not be up to much atmuch2 (8)
up 2
up2 n
1.) ups and downs informal
the mixture of good and bad experiences that happen in any situation or relationship
We have our ups and downs like all couples.
2.) be on the up
BrE spoken to be improving or increasing
Business confidence is on the up.
3.) be on the up and up
a) BrE informal to be becoming more successful
a brilliant young player who is on the up and up
b) AmE spoken if a person or business is on the up and up, they are honest and do things legally
up 3
up3 past tense and past participle upped present participle upping
v [T]
1.) to increase the amount or level of something
They've upped their offer by 5%.
2.) up and do sth
to suddenly do something different or surprising
Without saying another word, he upped and left.
up the ante atante1
up sticks atstick2 (11)

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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